Tel: 03333 200 222
Email: [email protected]

What is Pharming in cyber security?

3 minute read
Pharming is a technique where attackers try to redirect website traffic from a legitimate website to a fraudulent website with the purpose of spreading malware or stealing sensitive data from victims.
By, Jack Wong

Pharming in cyber security is a technique where attackers try to redirect website traffic from a legitimate website to a fraudulent website to spread malware or steal sensitive data from victims. It is usually to collect private information from victims or install malware on their machines. Attackers tend to focus on creating fake live e-commerce and digital banking websites to capture credentials and payment card information. Pharming attacks are focused on manipulating the system rather than tricking individuals into going to a dangerous website. Financial services such as banks, online payment platforms and e-commerce sites are the main targets of pharmers.

How does Pharming work?

Pharming uses “domain spoofing”, where the fraudster manipulates the user’s computer or DNS server to redirect the user to a fraudulent website without any warning. For example, when you type in, but instead of going to Youtube’s official website, you are redirected to a fraudulent website called, with a wrong ‘d’. There might be a chance that you barely figure it out because the fraudulent website’s design looks exactly like Youtube’s and the URL is just slightly different. Therefore, you use your login information to log in resulting in the fraudster now having your YouTube username and password.

Signs of Pharming – How to tell if you are a victim of pharming

  1. Charges on your credit card that you do not recognise
  2. posts or messages that you did not post on social media
  3. Requests for friend or connection on social media that you did not send
  4. Have you changed the passwords on any of your online accounts?
  5. New programmes are appearing on your device which you did not download or install

Requires action:

  • Clear your DNS cache
  • Run your antivirus program to remove malware and make sure your device is secure
  • Contact your ISP if you believe your server has been compromised
  • Change the password for all your online accounts
  • Follow the fraud reporting procedures for your online banking, email, and social media platforms as applicable

What is the solution to Pharming attacks?

Pharming is a higher risk compared to phishing and can be easily recognized. However, there are plenty of solutions to prevent Pharming.

Always look for a secure connection

Technology like Secure Socket Layers (SSL) and Extend Validation (EV) certificate provides business owners and alert responsive internet users with effective tools against phishing, pharming and cyber frauds; therefore, users are advised to see “HTTPS” or padlock symbol in the address bar of the browser when downloading the website

Use of Anti-hacking or Anti-virus software

Some anti-virus software can remove malicious codes in the form of host files from the user’s computer so that it should not be redirected to fake websites.

Don’t disable or weaken the firewall

Many of the most popular hacks that have happened this year because people have not patched their computers and cybercriminals have taken advantage of these vulnerabilities. Therefore, always allow for computer updates. Every computer update includes patches for known vulnerabilities on your computer. Cybercriminals may use these vulnerabilities to attack computers that have not received these patches.

Enable two-factor authentication where possible 

It is a good idea to turn two-factor authentication on as many platforms have already offered it. It makes your accounts harder to hack into-even if fraudsters have obtained your login details through pharming, they won’t be able to access your account.

Be alert

With the passage of time, malicious activity is also increasing on transactions, so users should always be alert and see pharming clues, especially when doing more transactions on any website.

More from Swiftcomm

Efficient and Affordable Fixed Cost IT Support in Peterborough: Your Solution for Seamless Tech Management
In today's fast-paced business world, technology plays a pivotal role in the success of organisations, regardless of their size. As companies increasingly rely on technology to streamline business operations, enhance customer experiences, and gain a competitive edge, reliable IT support has never been more critical. In this blog, we will explore the world of fixed cost IT support in Peterborough—a solution that offers efficiency and affordability for support specialists while ensuring seamless tech management for businesses.
Full Article
Addressing Diverse Industry Challenges: IT Support for SME London
The thriving business landscape of London comprises a diverse array of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) spanning various industries, each with its own unique IT needs and challenges. From finance and healthcare to creative agencies and manufacturing businesses, the technology requirements can significantly differ. This is where IT support providers play a crucial role, offering tailored solutions to address the diverse industry challenges faced by SMEs in London. When it comes to IT support for SME London, these providers offer customized solutions that can help businesses thrive in this dynamic environment.
Full Article
Trusted by 100s of businesses already
Uniquely tailored approach
Outstanding customer service

Talk with us

We pride ourselves on being an honest trustworthy business communications provider
Call 03333 200 222 or if you would prefer us to call you.
Schedule a call
We love emails, to send us one use [email protected] or fill in our
Contact Form
Live Chat
Got a question? Our live chat is open and ready to assist
Chat Now
Contact a specialist